A Brief History of Photography
Scientist Sir John F.W. Herschel was the one who first used the term back in 1839, which was the year in which the photographic process became known to the public.
The word photography has French roots, from the word ‘photgraphie’—this is, in turn, based on Greek wordings. Phos, which means light, and graphis, which means paintbrush, which put together, essentially boils down to ‘drawing with light’.
The Camera Obscura
Camera obscura literally translates to ‘dark room’. The camera obscura was purportedly invented by Alhazen, an Iraqi scientist, and was described in length in his Book of Optics sometime between 1011-1021.
The camera did not in fact record images, but it merely projected them onto a surface, images that were upside down. This camera obscura had been in existence for about four hundred years, but its usage had been limited to merely for the purpose of serving as an aid to drawing. In fact, a number of artists, including Leonardo Da Vinci and Michaelangelo, used the camera obscura to help draw pictures in the 1500s.
It was only in the 17th century that the camera obscura was transformed into something portable, thanks to scientists Robert Boyle and Robert Hook. Around this time, lenses that worked to focus light were also introduced.
It All Began in France
Photography, the way we perceive it today, began in France in the 1830s, wherein a portable camera obscura was used by Joseph Nicéphore Niépce in order to expose a pewter plate that was coated with bitumen to light. This was the very first image that was recorded and that did not fade quickly.
Photography progressed quite significantly and rapidly after that, with the development of emulsion plates, daguerreotypes, and wet plates during the mid-1800s.
The Digital Age of Photography
During the 1980s and the 1990s, there was work involved in cameras that could store images electronically. These cameras made use of digital media instead of actual film. The first digital camera was produced by Kodak by the year 1991, and was one that was good to use by professionals.
Soon enough, other companies followed suit, and nowadays, we have some of the finest and most advanced in digital photography technology.
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