INTRODUCING TENSION AND BALANCE IN THE PORTRAIT
Tension is a state of any imbalance in the portrait. One can create visual tension by pairing a small subject with a big sky. Balance is using two dissimilar shapes to create harmony in a photograph.
Usually tension is resolved in the image through the introduction of balance. Tension may also be referred to as visual contrast, with more subjects on one side of the portrait than the other, all with different sizes and shapes. An ideal visual balance may be introduced by either color coordinating between the different subjects according to their size or some other factor.
The eyes would see a balanced result if same sized subjects are wearing same colored clothing, and the toys or subjects on the other side are dressed in dark colors.
Using shapes and lines to get the triangular base or some other form for an ideal portrait is important. Shapes introduce balance and tension within a portrait, and subjects may be linked by creating any common element between different multiple groups. Shapes and lines are used to create well composed images which have the element of visual interest introduced by the photographer.
Bright tones advance on a visual level, while dark tones retreat. Light pictured elements in the picture will be distracting, so any bright areas on the edge of the picture should be darkened to avoid distraction.
The S shaped composition is a favorite in which the center of interest actually falls in the dynamic quadrants of the picture. The rest of the composition actually forms an S shaped sloping line, which is used to lead the eye of the viewer to the main interest area.
The L or inverted L shaped compositions are used for reclining or seated subjects. The Z and C shaped compositions are also visually pleasing and seen in different types of portraits.