KNOWING YOUR LIGHT MODIFIERS
With the use of modifiers with the different lights, there are limitless variations, arrays and effects which can be produced in a portrait.
It is a polished silver metal reflector, which has a strobe head or lamp attached. They produce well defined shadows, sharp light and a lot of contrast. Parabolics let one see and control light much efficiently than a diffused light source. The fill light should be fitted with a diffuser.
These are white or silver and placed close to subject to create a directional soft light. A silver light umbrella is used as a key light due to its directness and intensity. A matte umbrella is used as a secondary or fill light.
It is a hard edged light source which gives a defined shadowy edge, thus giving more shape to subject features than diffused and low contrast light sources. The light has a Fresnel lens attached, which focuses the spotlight, emitting a light beam which stays condensed even over a long distance. Barn doors are foxed to control spread of light, thus a selective area or corner with background can be lighted. Honeycomb grids are also used as key lights in this setup.
These are metallic black adjustable flaps that can be adjusted to control the beam width of a key light. These are used to light up selected areas, and keep stray light off camera lens.