Using the Crop Tool
Cropping, or removing certain parts or sections of an image, is the very first thing that comes to mind whenever we mention Photoshop. The technique of taking portions of the image, and either inserting them into another image, or removing them altogether, is also one of the first photo editing and manipulation techniques that are taught in editing classes.
Cropping an image on screen is quite similar to using a scissor for a similar purpose, on a printed photo. And with the potential for minute accuracy in the more recent versions of Photoshop, cropping can make cuts that are accurate to the pixel.
The technique of cropping, although it verbally referring to the Crop tool, can actually be performed in 2 ways; either by using the Crop tool itself, or another tool, known as Rectangular Marquee. The latter tool makes use of selection, while the former is more direct.
Following are the steps for using the standard Crop tool:
- The Tools panel should be on the left side of the screen. Click on the Crop tool on the panel.
- Visualize the portion of the image that you are going to keep, then drag the box to select the preferred part of the image. Here you will have the option to correct or modify the cropping handles. This is a slightly more advanced step and unnecessary here.
- Both double-clicking and pressing Enter on the image will result in the image being cropped.
Now for the Rectangular Marquee tool, which you can find in the Tools panel as well:
- Having selected the Rectangular Marquee tool, find the Mode or Style (depending on your version of Photoshop). It will be a drop-down type of menu.
- Here you will have the choice to set a certain Aspect Ratio. Again, this is a slightly more advanced option. For now, set the Mode or Style to Normal.
- Repeat the same drag and release action that was used with the Crop tool.
- After you have selected the portion of the photo that you wish to keep, from the top panel, select Image, to open the drop-down menu.
- From the menu, select Crop. The image will be similarly cropped.
Note: Cropped images usually have less detail than the original images. This is due to the size adjustment that is done to fit the picture on to the screen, while the reduced resolution results in blown-up pixels, reducing the quality of the image.